# Water flows at a rate of 20 L/s through a horizontal pipe whose diameter is constant at 3 cm. The pressure drop across a valve in the pipe is measured to be 2 kPa. Determine the irreversible head loss of the valve, and the useful pumping power needed to overcome the resulting pressure drop.

Question-AnswerCategory: Fluid MechanicsWater flows at a rate of 20 L/s through a horizontal pipe whose diameter is constant at 3 cm. The pressure drop across a valve in the pipe is measured to be 2 kPa. Determine the irreversible head loss of the valve, and the useful pumping power needed to overcome the resulting pressure drop.

Express the Bernoulli equation in three different ways using (a) energies, (b) pressures,
Water flows at a rate of 20 L/s through a horizontal pipe whose diameter is constant at 3 cm. The pressure drop across a valve in the pipe is measured to be 2 kPa. Determine the irreversible head loss of the valve, and the useful pumping power needed to overcome the resulting pressure drop.