Express the Bernoulli equation in three different ways using (a) energies, (b) pressures,
and (c) heads.
Water flows at a rate of 20 L/s through a horizontal pipe whose diameter is constant at 3 cm. The pressure drop across a valve in the pipe is measured to be 2 kPa. Determine the irreversible head loss of the valve, and the useful pumping power needed to overcome the resulting pressure drop.