A load of 270 kN is carried by a short concrete column 250 mm × 250 mm in size. The column is reinforced with 8 bars of 16 mm diameter. Find the stresses in concrete and steel, if the modulus of elasticity for the steel is 18 times that of concrete. If the stress in concrete is not to exceed 5 MPa, find the area of steel required, so that the column may carry a load of 500 kN.

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